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In this brief video you can find seven little known facts about Papua New Guinea.
More information about the video content bellow:
1. Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world; 852 languages are listed for the country, of which 12 have no known living speakers. Most of the population of over 7 million people live in customary communities, which are as diverse as the languages.
2. The island of New Guinea was named after the country of Guinea in Africa. “New Guinea” (Nueva Guinea) was the name coined by the Spanish explorer Yñigo Ortiz de Retez. In 1545, he noted the resemblance of the people to those he had earlier seen along the Guinea coast of Africa.
3. For centuries, the Anga tribe of Papua New Guinea’s Morobe Highlands has practiced a unique mummification technique: smoke curing. Once smoked, the mummies aren’t buried in tombs or graves; instead, they are placed on steep cliffs, so that they overlook the village below. The very sight of a string of charred, red bodies hanging off the mountains might seem quite grotesque, but for the Anga people, it’s the highest form of respect for the dead.
4. Want to see kangaroos that climb trees, carnivorous mice or a poisonous bird? Then come see Papua New Guinea. The tree kangaroo, the Hooded Pitohui and the thousands of other species that can be found in the rainforest are all part of this country’s ecosystem. Most species are still yet to be discovered.
5. Archaeological evidence indicates that humans first arrived in Papua New Guinea around 42,000 to 45,000 years ago. Agriculture was independently developed in the New Guinea highlands around 7000 BC, making it one of the few areas in the world where people independently domesticated plants.
6. Port Moresby, also referred to as Moresby and Pom Town, is the capital and largest city of Papua New Guinea. The city emerged as a trade centre in the second half of the 19th century. On 20 February 1873, John Moresby claimed the land for Britain and named it after his father, Admiral Sir Fairfax Moresby. He called the inner reach Fairfax Harbour and the other Port Moresby.
7. The Territory of Papua and New Guinea was renamed Papua New Guinea in 1971. It gained full independence from Australia in September 1975. The monarch of the United Kingdom serves as the Head of State of Papua New Guinea. It remains one of the least explored countries of the world, culturally and geographically.
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