The human species shares a lot of similarities with a lot of other organic material and other animals that might surprise you. You might have known that humans were similar to chimpanzees but what about something like a cabbage? From people with some of the rarest genetic mutations to humans sharing similar genetics with bananas, here are the craziest facts about DNA
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6. Cosmic Double Helix
If a human’s dna is the building block of their life and it takes a shape of a double helix, could the building blocks of the universe also take the same shape? Maybe in this case. A mysterious galaxy was discovered which features a double helix shape and this is the first time it’s been seen in the cosmos. While many galaxies like the milky way might take a the shape of a spiral, but this one here displays super giant planets, dust and other gases creating the DNA shape. Astronomers believe the shape is due to it being nearly perpendicular to a blackhole
Also known as werewolf syndrome, this rare genetic mutation affects one in a billion people, meaning there may only be 7 people on this planet with this mutations. It’s due to an abnormality in the x chromosome and will flip on the hair growing gene at a young age. in In fact only 50 cases of this genetic disorder have been documented since the middle ages. This despite this genetic mutation these brothers from Mexico, in this photo seem to not let it bother them. This causes rapid, thick, hair to grow all over their body where most people wouldn’t like on their face. We don’t even think feminists can handle this type of hair growth! This photo here shows a woman named Alice Elizabeth Doherty who exhibited signs of hypertrichosis at a young age. She was exhibited as a sideshow attraction known as the minnesota wholly girl
4. Red Hair DNA
Red hair is the world rarest hair color with less than 2 percent of the world’s population having red hair. It’s a recessive gene known as mc1r meaning that both parents must carry the ginger gene in order to have the ginger baby. Even if they do both carry it, there’s only about a 25 percent chance they’ll come out that way. The region of scotland has the most redheads with 13 percent and ireland comes in at 2nd with 10 percent. If you decide at some point in your life that you wouldn’t want to have a kid with red hair, it might be best to pair up with a member of the asian ethnicity since it’s extremely unlikely that they carry the gene. Some times if one parent has it but the other parent doesn’t, it might result in a reddish beard or red hair somewhere else!
Modern scientists seem to be extremely fascinated with DNA and our genetics in modern times and maybe it could be the answer for many issues. Crispr Cas9 is basically a new reliable way to make precise and targeted changes to the genome of living cells and this is quite the huge discovery for biomedical researchers. Once cas9 is introduced, scientists have to option to insert, or delete different genetics. Not only is it inexpensive, it’s effective and they don’t believe it will have an effect on non-targeted genomes. However, although it is improved, it’s not 100% accurate and sometimes they can miss. For human cells the targeting efficiencies range anywhere reach 70-80 percent as opposed to older established methods.
2. The Tree Man Syndrome
The scientific name which is a little tricky to pronounce (epidermodysplasia verruciformis) is a genetic disease you certainly don’t wanna get. It’s caused from an inactivating ph mutation which play a crucial role in regulating the distribution of zinc in the cell nuclei. With this vital vitamin, the HPV virus will run rampant causing scaly macules and papules all over the hands and feet, resulting in bark-like skin. This extremely rare disorder causes scaly macules and papules causes to spread all over his body. The tree, bark-like growth that grows from most commonly their hands, give them the nickname Tree Man. Some of the growths can weigh up to 15 pounds total. This skin condition is often inherited and the photo you see here is from a case in Bangladesh where a man had a total of 11 pounds of these root like lesions on his hands.