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In this brief video you can find seven little known facts about Abkhazia.
More information about the video content bellow:
1. Abkhazia is a partially recognized state on the eastern coast of the Black Sea and the south-western flank of the Caucasus Mountains, south of Russia and northwest of Georgia proper. The separatist Abkhazian polity, formally the Republic of Abkhazia or Apsny, is recognised only by Russia and a small number of other countries.
2. The history of the area is complicated, to say the least, but the modern dispute began with the end of the Soviet Union. As the USSR weakened, Abkhaz and Georgian ethnics had disagreed on how to move forward, as the Abkhaz leaders feared that an independent Georgia would dissolve their autonomy. Soon, ethnic tensions arose.
3. By 1992, the tensions evolved into an all-out war. During the war, gross human rights violations were reported on both sides. Georgian troops have been accused of having committed looting and murders “for the purpose of terrorising, robbing and driving the Abkhaz population out of their homes” in the first phase of the war (according to Human Rights Watch), while Georgia blames the Abkhaz forces and their allies for the ethnic cleansing of Georgians in Abkhazia.
4. During the Georgian–Abkhaz conflict, the Russian authorities and military supplied logistical and military aid to the separatist side. Today, Russia still maintains a strong political and military influence over separatist rule in Abkhazia. Russia has also issued passports to the citizens of Abkhazia since 2000 (as Abkhazian passports cannot be used for international travel) and subsequently paid them retirement pensions and other monetary benefits.
5. The world’s deepest known cave, Krubera (Voronja) Cave (“The Crows’ Cave”), is located in Abkhazia’s western Caucasus mountains. The latest survey (as of September 2006) has measured the vertical extent of this cave system as 2,158 meters between its highest and lowest explored points.
6. Capital of Abkhazia is Sukhumi, a city established by Greek colonists. Much of the ancient city is now under the waters of the Black Sea.
7. Tourism is a key industry and, according to Abkhazia’s authorities, almost a million tourists (mainly from Russia) came to Abkhazia in 2007. Despite the controversial status of the territory and its damaged infrastructure, tourism in Abkhazia grew following the Russian recognition of Abkhazian independence in 2008 due to the arrival of Russian tourists.
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