Body Language

Types of Body Language


Communication is integral to interacting and socializing with others. Through communication an individual gets to know the other individual. Not only knowing; communication also provides the basis for an exchange of ideas, beliefs and emotions. The exchange of ideas, emotions and beliefs take place primarily through the exchange of words that takes place between two or more individuals.

There are two basic forms of communication: verbal communication and non-verbal communication. Verbal communication is the most recognized form of communication. It entails that the individuals should converse and interact on a one-to-one basis, exchanging words- being verbal.

On the contrary, non-verbal communication entails one to communicate through other ways except the verbal way. The non-verbal communication sends messages and signals through non-personal communication. The other ways come under a broad term: body language.

Similar to other languages, body language is also a language that sends out messages that are universally interpreted the same, while there are some interpretations that differ according to differing topographies.

Following is a list of the types of body language:

  1. 1. Facial Expressions: The face is the prominent feature of the human body. Face is the stage where all the actions filled with varying emotions display. Interpretations and meanings of some emotions are universal, though there are sub-categories but major emotions like, happiness; sadness and anger are much likely interpreted the same way throughout.
  2. Posture and Movement of the Body: The body movements and the postures of an individual also mean something or the other. Usually, those who are in a relaxed setting and feel comfortable will be smooth in their body movements and their sitting, standing postures will be display a hassle-free state. On the other hand, the same individual can also show signs of discomfort and uneasiness that can be judges through the body movements and body postures.
  3. Gestures: Gestures typically means the movement of any body part, to express or explain a certain idea or concept. Gestures should not be mixed with body movements and postures because the former is done when something has to be expressed or explained; depends from person to person (there might be those who do not use gestures). The latter is something that is habitual and sometimes an unrecognized activity that is automated, depending on the settings an individual is in.
  4. Communicating through eyes: Eye-contact is the most significant part of body language. The visual contact enables the individual to send across messages and signals. Though the communication of the eyes can lead to misunderstanding but there are instances where the intended meaning or signal is sent across and the intention is interpreted for what it was sent as.
  5. Touch: Interestingly, the touch of a person can also indicate some sort of state of the individual being touched. For example, a tight hand-shake vs a loosened one is self explanatory; the former showing an interest to do so while latter does not. But, this does not always have to do something with likeness or dislikeness, the reasons behind it can differ.

Though there might be those who do not exactly know what parts of the body they use to communicate but communicating through body language is common and everybody does it.


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